What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a severe and complicated condition that can impact the whole body. The treatment for diabetes is self-care and, if there are complications it can cause major impact on the health and decrease longevity. There is currently an unsolved diabetes cure, it is possible to enjoy an enjoyable and healthy life by learning about the disease and managing it.

There are various kinds of diabetes. All kinds are complicated and dangerous. The three major kinds of diabetics are the type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes.

What effects does diabetes have on the body?

Source: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCXFFcYoTl244oguj2NAisiw

If someone is suffering from diabetes, the body isn’t able to maintain the proper levels of glucose in their blood. The sugar glucose is a form sugar, which is the main supply of our body’s energy. The presence of unhealthful amounts of sugar in blood could cause short and long-term health problems.

In order for our bodies to function optimally, we must transform glucose (sugar) from food into energy. The hormone insulin is crucial for the conversion process from glucose to energy. For people suffering from diabetes, insulin is either no anymore produced, or not created in sufficient quantities in the human body. If diabetics consume glucose, which is found in food items like cereals, breads, fruits and legumes, starchy vegetables, sweets, milk, and yoghurt and sweets, it isn’t converted into energy.

Instead of being converted into energy, the glucose remains in the blood , resulting in elevated blood glucose levels. After eating, the glucose gets transported throughout your body through your blood. The level of blood glucose is referred to as Glycaemia. The levels of blood glucose are monitored and controlled through self-care and treatment.

Three things you must be aware of about diabetes:

  • It’s not just one disease there are three primary kinds of diabetics: type 1, type 2and gestational diabetes.
  • All forms of diabetes are complicated and require regular monitoring and treatment.
  • Diabetes doesn’t discriminate. anyone can be affected by diabetes.

Diabetes is a serious condition

The condition can be controlled however the risks of complications are similar for types 1 and 2 of diabetes, including stroke, heart attack kidney problems, limb amputations blindness, anxiety, depression.

We are aware of the following about diabetes:

  • The most significant reason for blindness among adulthood
  • It is the most common cause of kidney failure as well as dialysis
  • Increases the chance of strokes and heart attacks up to four times.
  • is a significant cause of Amputations of limbs
  • Mental health is affected in addition to physical. Depression, anxiety , and stress occur in over 30% of those suffering from diabetes.

Early diagnosis, the best treatment, and continuous support management can reduce the chance of complications related to diabetes.

What is the reason for this increase in diabetes?

All forms of diabetes are growing in the prevalence of:

  • Type 1 diabetes is the cause of 10 percent of all diabetes, and is growing
  • Type 2 diabetes accounts for about 85 percent of all diabetes, and is growing
  • Gestational diabetes during pregnancy is on the rise.

Type 2 diabetes is growing at a rapid pace. There are many those suffering from undiagnosed, silent type 2 diabetes that could be causing harm to their bodies. About Some Number of Person are at danger of developing diabetes of type II, and already experiencing early signs of the disease.

Diabetes type 2 is among of the main effects to the increasing obesity rate. The combination of drastic changes in diet and food supply, coupled with drastic changes in physical activity that result in increased sedentary and less physical activity, means that many people are experiencing more type 2 diabetes.

Genes also play a role with a higher risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes in Chinese, South Asian, Indian, Pacific Islander and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations.


In the case of type 1 diabetes, the symptoms are usually sudden and may be life-threatening, so it’s usually diagnosed quickly. In type 2 diabetes the majority of people do not show any signs at all, whereas other symptoms can be ignored as a sign of ‘aging’.

Thus, when symptoms become apparent the complications of diabetes could already be in the process of developing.

Common symptoms are:

  • Being thirstier than usual
  • The passing of more urine
  • Feeling tired and sluggish
  • Always feeling hungry
  • Being treated for cuts that heal slowly
  • Skin infections, itching
  • Vision blurred
  • Unexplained loss of weight (type 1)
  • Gradually, you begin to put on the weight (type 2)
  • Changes in mood
  • Headaches
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Leg cramps

Be aware that this information is general in nature and should not be used as a substitute for medical advice or to modify medical treatment. This information is not meant to substitute for medical consultation with qualified experts for your individual medical requirements.

Type 1 diabetes

The type 1 diabetic is an auto-immune disorder where our immune system becomes activated and destroys the pancreas’ cells that produce insulin. We don’t know the underlying cause of this immune system reaction. Type 1 diabetes isn’t caused by lifestyle factors. The cure isn’t available, and it is impossible to prevent it.

Type I diabetes

  • It occurs when the pancreas does not make insulin.
  • About 10 percent of the cases of diabetes, and is among the most prevalent chronic conditions in childhood.
  • The onset is typically abrupt and the signs are obvious
  • The symptoms can include frequent urination and thirst as well as weight loss that isn’t explained. fatigue and weakness, and blurred vision
  • It is managed by insulin injections every day, or by using pumps for insulin.

The pancreas is affected by what happens?

When you suffer from type one diabetes the pancreas (a major organ located behind the stomach stops producing insulin because the cells responsible for making insulin are destroyed by the immune system of the body. Without insulin, body cells can’t convert glucose (sugar) into energy.

Type 1 diabetics depend upon insulin throughout their lives to replace insulin that their bodies are unable to create. They are required to test the level of blood sugarseveral occasions throughout their day.

The beginning in type one diabetes happens typically in those who are younger than 30 years old, but recent research suggests that almost half of those who suffer from the disease are diagnosed before the 30 year mark. About 10-15 % of cases of diabetes are type 1.

What happens if those with type 1 diabetes do not receive insulin?

Without insulin, the body uses its own fats to substitute, and releases chemical compounds in blood. If insulin is not injected regularly and the harmful chemical substances are likely to build up and could be life-threatening if not addressed. It is a condition known as ketoacidosis.

What is the cause of type 1 diabetes?

The precise causes of type 1 diabetes isn’t yet identified, however, we know that it has strong genetic roots and is not preventable. We also are aware that it has nothing to do with have to do with lifestyle, however keeping a healthy and balanced lifestyle is vital to aiding in the management of the symptoms of type 1 diabetes.

At the moment, nothing is being done in order to stop or treat type 1 diabetes.


  • A high level of thirst
  • The passing of more urine
  • Tired and unmotivated
  • Always feeling hungry
  • Being treated for cuts that heal slowly
  • Skin infections, itching
  • Vision blurred
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • The mood swings
  • Headaches
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Leg cramps.

These symptoms could occur suddenly. If they do, consult your doctor. With a simple test doctors can tell the cause of Type 1 Diabetes.

Treatment, care, and management

Type 1 diabetes can be controlled through insulin injections multiple times per day or using the insulin pump. Even though your lifestyle choices did not create type 1 diabetes, your choices now can help to reduce the incidence of complications associated with diabetes, such as kidney diseases, leg amputations and blindness.

If you’ve been recently identified with Type 1 Diabetes, or have a relative with the condition, you can view the following information about controlling Type 1 Diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes

Diabetes type 2 is a disorder where the body becomes intolerant to the normal effects of insulin. It gradually decreases the ability to make enough insulin from the pancreas. This condition is associated with significant genetic and familial (non-modifiable) risks factors and is frequently linked to modifiable risk factors. We don’t know the exact cause of genetic the condition, but it is known that type 2 diabetes can be caused by genetics. Some people may be able to substantially slow or stop the development of the disease by making changes to their diet as well as increasing their exercise they engage in.

Type 2 Diabetes:

  • The pancreas is not producing enough insulin (reduced production of insulin) or the insulin doesn’t work effectively , or the cells of the body are not responding to insulin in a timely manner (known in the field of insulin resistance)
  • It accounts for between 85 and 90 percent of the cases of diabetics.
  • Most often, it occurs in adults older than 45 years , but is also happening at younger ages such as children teenagers, adolescents, and young adults.
  • Are more likely to be found in people who have a family experience or type 2 diabetes, or with particular ethnic backgrounds.
  • In some cases, the initial indication could be a complication from diabetes like an attack on the heart vision problem, foot ulcers
  • It is managed through a combination consisting of regular physical exercise, healthy eating and weight reduction. Because type 2 diabetes can progress, many sufferers will require oral medications and/or insulin injections due to lifestyle changes that occur over time.

What is the effect of the type 2 form of diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is developed over a lengthy amount of time (years). In this time, the insulin resistance begins to manifest, which is the time when insulin becomes becoming less effective in managing level of blood sugar. Because of this resistance to insulin the pancreas responds to produce increasing quantities of insulin to seek to attain some degree of control of sugar levels in the blood.

When insulin production is over a long period of time, pancreas’ cells that produce insulin become worn out, meaning that by the time a person gets diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes they’ve lost 50 to 70 percent of the insulin-producing cells. This implies that the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes is the result of inadequate insulin production and a lack of insulin. Changes in lifestyle may be able to stop the progression of this condition in certain individuals.

At first Type 2 diabetes can usually be managed through nutritious eating along with regular physical exercise. As time passes, many people suffering from type 2 diabetes will require tablets, and some need insulin. It is vital to understand that this is not a problem and taking insulin or tablets when they are needed could result in less long-term issues.

What are the causes of type 2 diabetes?

Diabetes can be passed down through the family. In the event that you are a relative who suffers from diabetes, you are likely to are genetically predisposed to the disease.

Even though some individuals may be genetically inclined toward type 2 diabetes, the risk is elevated if they have various lifestyle factors such as hypertension, weight gain or obesity, inadequate physical activity, poor nutrition and the classic ‘apple-shaped body shape where the excess weight is accumulated in the waist.

People are at greater chance of developing Type 2 Diabetes if:

  • Have an ancestral with a history of diabetes in the family.
  • Are older (over 55 years old ) The risk of developing cancer increases when we get older
  • are more than 45 years old age and have a weight gain.
  • who are over 45 years of age and suffer from high blood pressure
  • are older than 35 years old and are of the Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background
  • are above 35 years old and are of Pacific Island, Indian subcontinent or Chinese culture heritage
  • Are women who have had a baby who weighs over 4.5 kilograms (9 lbs) or suffered from gestational diabetes during pregnancy or suffered from an illness called Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.


A large number of people with type 2 diabetes do not show signs. Since type 2 diabetes is usually (but it is not necessarily) diagnosed at a later stage at times, symptoms are dismissed as result of ageing. In some instances it is the case that by the time you are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes it is possible that the complications of diabetes might already be evident.

The symptoms include:

  • A high level of thirst
  • The passing of more urine
  • Tired and unmotivated
  • Always feeling hungry
  • Being treated for cuts that heal slowly
  • Skin infections, itching
  • Vision blurred
  • Gradually, you will gain the weight
  • The mood swings
  • Headaches
  • Feeling dizzy
  • Leg cramps

Managing Type 2 Diabetes

There is there is no treatment or cure to type 2 diabetes the disease is manageable by lifestyle changes and medications. Being able to effectively manage diabetes is the best method to avoid complications related to diabetes.

If you’ve recently been found to be suffering from type 2 diabetes, or have a family member who has type 2 diabetes you can view the following information about controlling the condition. Type 2 diabetes.


Pre-diabetes is the condition where your blood glucose level is higher than usual but not enough to cause the type II diabetes. The condition is not associated with any symptoms or symptoms. Pre-diabetics sufferers have an increased likelihood of being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and the cardiovascular (heart as well as circulation) disease. Many people have pre-diabetes , and are at a high risk of becoming Type 2 Diabetes.

If you don’t make a long-term commitment to changing your lifestyle such as healthier eating, more exercise and losing weight, about three out of three people who have pre-diabetes are likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

There are two pre-diabetes symptoms:

  • Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) is when the levels of blood sugar are greater than usual, however not enough to qualify as diabetes.
  • Irregular quick glucose (IFG) is when blood glucose levels increase during fasting, but not to the point of being considered diabetes-related.
  • There is a possibility to suffer from two conditions: Impaired fasting Glucose (IFG) as well as Impaired Glucose tolerance (IGT)

Risk factors

The risk factors for pre-diabetes are comparable to those of type 2 diabetes, which include:

  • Being overweight, especially who are overweight on their waists (ie over 94cm for males and more than 80cm women).
  • Physically inactive.
  • With high triglycerides and lower HDL-C (good cholesterol) or excessive total cholesterol.
  • High blood pressure.
  • A family background that has type 2 diabetes or heart disease.

Others at risk are:

  • Women suffering from polycystic ovarian Syndrome*.
  • Women who had diabetes during their pregnancy (gestational diabetic) or gave birth to an infant who is large (more than 4.5kgs).
  • People of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander background.
  • The people who come who are from ethnic groups like those from certain ethnic backgrounds like the Pacific Islands, Asia and Asia and the Indian subcontinent.


If you’re diagnosed with pre-diabetes or pre-diabetes symptoms, treatment will be the same modifications that are suggested for those diagnosed with diabetes. Most likely, this will involve regular physical exercise as well as healthy eating, and in the event that weight loss is necessary, it will be reduced.

Learn more about Type 2 diabetic prevention program that are available throughout your area.

Pre-diabetic people are at risk of being more susceptible to heart disease. Therefore, managing blood pressure, blood cholesterol , triglycerides and blood cholesterol are equally important.

Healthy eating habits

A balanced diet to reduce weight and the risk of developing type 2 diabetes should incorporate an increase in calories (kilojoule) and intake of fat including saturated fats like butter, full saturated dairy, fat-rich meats takeaway food such as cakes, biscuits and sweets. Instead, opt for a variety of low-fat, high-fiber GI carbohydrate products like cereals and wholegrain breads as well as legumes, fruit and other. To devise a meal plan that’s suitable for your needs go to a licensed dietitian.

Regular physical exercise

Regular exercise helps your body use insulin more effectively and feel more fit and healthy. Try to complete at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity’ physical exercise (such as walking briskly or swimming) in the majority, but not all times of the day. Or 3 20 minute sessions of vigorous high intensity’ exercises each week (such as aerobics classes, jogging or hard-working gardening). It is recommended to incorporate at least two sessions of resistance training per week to enhance the way your muscles function by doing exercises using your body weight or lifting weights, such as cans of food items.

The process of establishing a regular exercise routine and sticking with it is often eased by joining your friends or a group who will encourage you to continue.

Before you begin any new type of exercise, you should consult with your doctor.

Are there ways to prevent Type 2 diabetes be avoided?

Being diagnosed with impaired glucose metabolism does not mean you’ll develop type 2 diabetes, but it does mean that you’re at a 10- to 20- times higher risk of developing it than those who have normal blood glucose levels.

Evidence-based evidence suggests the possibility of type 2 diabetes being avoided with up to 58% of the cases within the high-risk (pre-diabetes) population through a healthy diet and exercise.

What can you do to know if that you are suffering from one of these health conditions?

If a glucose test is performed, whether it’s either during or after a fast and that results in higher than the normal level of blood glucose should be further examined. Doctors may order an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to learn more about the patient’s metabolism of glucose. This lab test can reveal four diagnoses:

  1. Normal glucose levels
  2. Impaired Fasting Glucose
  3. Impaired Glucose Tolerance
  4. Type 2 diabetes

*’Fasting’ is the term used to describe not having anything to eat for the 8 hours prior to the test.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (sometimes known as GDM) is one type of diabetes that is present during pregnancy. The majority of women won’t be diabetic after the baby is born. But, some women be able to maintain elevated blood glucose levels following birth. It is identified when the blood glucose levels are higher than normal. levels first begin to appear during pregnancy.

Gestational Diabetes is one of the fastest-growing form of diabetes that is being seen in The wolrd and affects many pregnant women. It usually happens between the 24th-28th week during pregnancy. Every pregnant woman are required to test for gestational diabetes between 24 and 28 weeks into pregnancy (except those who have diabetes). Women who are at the risk factors for gestational diabetes must be checked earlier in their pregnancy.

Who are at greater risk of gestational diabetism?

Women who are at a higher chance of developing diabetia are those who:

  • I have experienced GDM during pregnancy
  • are getting older, particularly those who are older than 40 years.
  • are a descendent or a family history of diabetes type 2, or a first-degree family member (mother or sibling) who has suffered from gestational diabetes
  • are in the healthy weight range.
  • Have previously experienced high blood sugar levels.
  • Women of the First Nations are First Nations women
  • They are of African, Melanesian, Polynesian, South Asian, Chinese, Southeast Asian, Middle Eastern, Hispanic and South American background.
  • are affected by Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • had been pregnant with the largest child (weighing greater than 4.5kg)
  • We are currently taking a variety of anti-psychotic medications or steroids.

Gestational Diabetes can also happen in women with no risk factors.

How can gestational diabetes be diagnosed?

Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). The test is conducted in the pathology lab. You must sleep for the night prior to this test. It will take blood to determine your blood glucose levels. Following this, you’ll be served a sweet drink and then have your blood tested for one and two hours after. Then, you will be asked to sit down and sit between tests. If the blood sugar levels are higher than the normal range during your peak, or at the time of a an hour or two-hour test indicates that you suffer from gestational diabetes.

What do you do when you are diagnosed?

For many women who are diagnosed with gestational diabetics can be a stressful experience. But, it’s important to be aware that most women who suffer from gestational diabetes have an unhealthy pregnancy, a normal birth and a healthy infant. The solution is a healthy diet that includes regular physical exercise, monitoring blood sugar levels within the range you want to be in while you are expecting. Learn further regarding the management of gestational diabetics.

The management of diabetes is a collaborative collaboration between women, their families, and health experts. The health professionals who could be the diabetic health team are endocrinologists, obstetricians, credentialed diabetes educators, certified practicing dietitians, certified exercise physiologists as well as GPs and midwives.

There are risks for developing Type 2 Diabetes

While blood glucose levels of mothers typically return to normal following birth There is a higher chance of a woman becoming diabetic in the near future. The child could also be at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Based the risk factors depending on your risk factors, you may require a test for type 2 diabetes every three to five years. Ask your doctor for more information. Find more information about reducing the chance of developing diabetes type 2.

What is the cause of gestational diabetes?

The placenta during pregnancy produces hormones to help the baby develop and grow. These hormones also inhibit the actions of the mother’s insulin. This is known as insulin resistance. Due to this insulin resistance is a requirement for insulin during pregnancy can be up to three times greater than the normal. If you already suffer from insulin resistance, your body might not be able to deal with the increased demands for insulin production, and the levels of blood glucose will rise, resulting in gestational diabetes being recognized.

After the pregnancy has ended and blood glucose levels typically get back to normal, and gestational diabetes goes away, however this insulin resistance raises the chance to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.

Management, care , and treatment

Gestational diabetes is often controlled with healthy diet and regular physical exercise. Some women require medication (metformin) or insulin injections to treat gestational diabetes.

If you’ve been recently diagnosed with gestational diabetics or have a family member who suffers from gestational diabetic issues, you can find information about managing the effects of gestational diabetes.

Ayurveda Is one of the Best way to Manage Blood Sugar Level or Diabetes. In Ayurveda Gudmar/Gurmar (Gudmar Tablets) is Only Single Herbs Control your Sugar Level and Feel Energetic.

Reference: https://www.diabetesaustralia.com.au/about-diabetes/what-is-diabetes/


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